• Cog-A: Resolving Ambiguities: Studies Across Cognition

    (Tanya Scott, College at Staten Island)

    This seminar is availabel to all students. it is intended for those interested in cognitive processes of various kinds

    The objective of various cognitive mechanisms is to interpret the world in one and one way only (give it only one meaning) when the reality presents us with options for interpretations (input ambiguities).  In this course, we will look at how different mechanisms working sequentially, simultaneously, and separately are resolving ambiguities to make sense of the world around us.

    Cognitive processes for discussion: Attention (1 lecture); Perception (2 lectures); Memory (1 lecture); Language (conceptual knowledge; mental lexicon, linguistics: 2 lectures)

    Lecture 1: Cognition uses several mechanisms to make sense of the surroundings. There are ways of studying how the mind processes input information.

    Lectures 2 and 3: PERCEPTION: Ambiguous Figures;  Ambiguous perception: Ambiguous Figures (Gestalt principles vs. Cognitive Science advancement)

    Lecture 3:  PERCEPTION: Illusions: Visual and Audio Illusions: Mach Bands, Ponzo Illusion, Phonological Illusions;  “What about this damned dress?" 

    Lecture 4: ATTENTION: The Monkey Business; Inattentional and Change blindness: insensitivity to changes in the environment as a part of making sense of the world around us and keeping it stable.

    Lecture 5: MEMORY: false recall and recognition: semantic priming and recognition of ambiguous ietms

    Lecture 6: LINGUISTICS:  Semantic Ambiguities Resolution

    Lecture 7:  LINGUISTICS: Structural Grammar Ambiguities
    --Discussion of Classical Structural Constituent Ambiguities
    --Linguistic Analysis and Explanations
    --Explanations in the View of other non-linguistic related cognitive processes: unifying approaches to studies of ambiguity resolution

    Lecture 8: CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive Dissonance: beyond Festinger:  extending from Social Personality approach to Cognitive Science in general.